By Joseph F. Strength, published in the June 2018 issue of Elegant Island Living
Have you considered investing in Brunswick? If so, now may be the time, following the designation of portions of Brunswick and mainland Glynn County as Opportunity Zones under the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017.
The Opportunity Zone Program was established to spur economic development and job creation in designated communities by providing meaningful tax deferral and abatement incentives to investors. Investments in these communities, under certain conditions, may be eligible for preferential tax treatment. Earlier this year, Governor Nathan Deal nominated portions of Brunswick and mainland Glynn County, among other areas of the state, for the program. The U.S. Treasury Department approved his designations on April 9, 2018.
This new economic development tool provides for deferral for short- and long-term capital gains for existing investments in nearly all asset classes (including stocks and bonds and similar investments) if the capital gain portion of a sale of those investments is reinvested within 180 days in a Qualified Opportunity Fund. The program further provides for possible abatement for all future gains within a Qualified Opportunity Fund.
The tax on the deferred gain will be due on the earlier sale of the investment in the Qualified Opportunity Fund or on December 31, 2026, in the amount of the lesser or the remaining deferred gain (following application of any earned basis step-ups) or the fair market value of the investment in the Qualified Opportunity Fund. If an investment is maintained in a Qualified Opportunity Fund for five years, the investor will receive a step-up in basis equal to 10 percent of the original deferred gain, and if the investment is maintained for seven years, the investor will receive an additional five percent step-up in the basis of the deferred gain. Significantly, any post-investment gain in the Qualified Opportunity Fund is excluded from gross income if the investment is held for 10 years or more.
A Qualified Opportunity Fund is a partnership or corporation created to invest in eligible business and property development that is located in an Opportunity Zone. The fund must maintain at least 90 percent of its assets in Qualified Opportunity Zone Property, which can include stock, partnership interests, and business property located in an Opportunity Zone, including commercial buildings, equipment, and other forms of property, and the investment must trigger new business use or significant redevelopment activity within an Opportunity Zone.
The U.S. Treasury Department is drafting additional details regarding the certification process for Qualified Opportunity Funds. It will be worthwhile to continue monitoring these developments, as the program offers significant planning opportunities for investors and promises to generate additional long-term investment in our community.